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Last Update: 13-02-2018 [cached @05:45]
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DURIAN

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STANDARD NAME

DURIAN

(Light Hardwood)

Family

Bombacacea

BOTANICAL NAME

Coelostegia spp., Durio spp. and Neesia spp.

DISTRIBUTION

Found mainly in lowland forests with some species in peat swamp forests.

 

GENERAL DESCRIPTION

The sapwood is only moderately well-defined in Coelostegia but well-defined in Durio and Neesia. Heartwood is pink-brown, grey-brown, and brown with a red tinge or light orangebrown.

Grain is straight to slightly interlocked.

Texture is moderately coarse to coarse and even in Neesia but uneven in Durio and Coelostegia.

Vessels are with simple perforations, moderately large or very large, very few or few in number; a few solitary, majority in radial pairs or multiples of three to eight or rarely more and a few clusters; distributed without any arrangement. Deposits are common.

Wood parenchyma of the apotracheal type occurs as diffuse strands or occasionally in closely spaced, short, tangential lines extending from ray to ray and forming a scalariform pattern.

Rays are of two distinct sizes, only the broader medium-sized rays are distinct.

Ripple marks are present but not always clearly visible.

Intercellular canals of the traumatic type, filled with gummy substance are rarely present.

 

USES:

Suitable for light construction, door and window frames, wooden sandals, flooring, planking, plywood, sliced veneer and furniture. 

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