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Last Update: 24-11-2017 [cached @16:03]
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MERBAU

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STANDARD NAME

MERBAU

(Heavy Hardwood)

(Similar to Ipil from the Philippines and Afzelia of Africa) 

FAMILY

Leguminosae 

BOTANICAL NAME

Intsia palembanica, I. Bijuga 

DISTRIBUTION

Widely distributed, mainly in the lowland areas and along rivers.

 

GENERAL DESCRIPTION

The sapwood is well-defined and pale yellow in colour. The heartwood is yellowish to orange-brown when fresh, weathering to brown or dark red-brown.

Grain is interlocked.

Texture is coarse but even.

Growth rings are fairly distinct.

Vessels are moderately large to very large and with simple perforations, very few or few, mainly solitary and occasionally radial pairs and multiples of three can be seen; evenly scattered without any arrangement, frequently filled with dark-coloured and sulphur yellow deposits.

Wood parenchyma is of both apotracheal and paratracheal types. Apotracheal parenchyma appears as irregularly spaced terminal bands while paratracheal parenchyma appears as aliform borders around the vessels.

Rays are moderately fine and may be visible on the end and tangential surfaces. 

 

USES

The growth ring figure and deep colour makes it an attractive wood for decorative work including interior finishing, panelling, strip and parquet flooring, superior joinery, cabinetmaking, door and window frames, furniture, veneer, turnery and tool handles.

 

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